We briefly review hyperbolic and kinetic models for self-organized biological aggregations and traffic-like movement. We begin with the simplest models described by an advection-reaction equation in one spatial dimension. We then increase the complexity of models in steps. To this end, we begin investigating local hyperbolic systems of conservation laws with constant velocity. Next, we proceed to investigate local hyperbolic systems with density-dependent speed, systems that consider population dynamics (i.e., birth and death processes), and nonlocal hyperbolic systems. We conclude by discussing kinetic models in two spatial dimensions and their limiting hyperbolic models. This structural approach allows us to discuss the complexity of the biological problems investigated, and the necessity for deriving complex mathematical models that would explain the observed spatial and spatiotemporal group patterns.