Hypoglycaemia, the most feared complication of insulin therapy

R. J. McCrimmon, B. M. Frier

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    92 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Insulin-induced hypoglycaemia, the most frequent side-effect of insulin-therapy, is a potential source of considerable morbidity and has a recognised mortality. Acute hypoglycaemia produces an intense physiological stress with profound sympathoadrenal stimulation and widespread activation of hormonal counterregulatory systems, leading to secondary haemodynamic and haemorheological changes. The clinical effects of acute and recurrent severe hypoglycaemia are associated with significant morbidity including reversible, and permanent, abnormalities of cardiovascular, neurological and cognitive function, in addition to trauma and road traffic accidents. Comprehension of the morbidity of hypoglycaemia is important when designing insulin regimens and determining therapeutic goals for individual patients if the frequency and adverse effects of this dangerous side-effect of insulin therapy are to be limited.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)503-512
    Number of pages10
    JournalDiabete et Metabolisme
    Volume20
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 1994

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