Identification of membrane-bound and secreted proteins from Echinococcus granulosus by signal sequence trap

Mara C. Rosenzvit, Wenbao Zhang, Hossein Motazedian, Danielle Smyth, Mark Pearson, Alex Loukas, Malcolm K. Jones, Donald P. McManus

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10 Citations (Scopus)


The signal sequence trap technique was applied to identify genes coding for secreted and membrane bound proteins from Echinococcus granulosus, the etiologic agent of cystic hydatid disease. An E. granulosus protoscolex cDNA library was constructed in the AP-PST vector such that randomly primed cDNAs were fused with a placental alkaline phosphatase reporter gene lacking its endogenous signal peptide. E. granulosus cDNAs encoding a functional signal peptide were selected by their ability to rescue secretion of alkaline phosphatase by COS-7 cells that had been transfected with the cDNA library. Eighteen positive clones were identified and sequenced. Their deduced amino acid sequences showed significant similarity with amino acid transporters, Krebs cycle intermediates transporters, presenilins and vacuolar protein sorter proteins. Other cDNAs encoded secreted proteins without homologues. Three sequences were transcribed antisense to E. granulosus expressed sequence tags. All the mRNAs were expressed in protoscoleces and adult worms, but some of them were not found in oncospheres. The putative E. granulosus secreted and membrane bound proteins identified are likely to play important roles in the metabolism, development and survival in the host and represent potential targets for diagnosis, drugs and vaccines against E. granulosus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal for Parasitology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006


  • Developmental expression
  • Echinococcus granulosus
  • Membrane bound proteins
  • Secreted proteins
  • Signal sequence trap


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