Identification of N-(4-piperidinyl)-4-(2,6-dichlorobenzoylamino)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide (AT7519), a novel cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor using fragment-based X-ray crystallography and structure based drug design

Paul G. Wyatt, Andrew J. Woodhead (Lead / Corresponding author), Valerio Berdini, John A. Boulstridge, Maria G. Carr, David M. Cross, Deborah J. Davis, Lindsay A. Devine, Theresa R. Early, Ruth E. Feltell, E. Jonathan Lewis, Rachel L. McMenamin, Eva F. Navarro, Michael A. O'Brien, Marc O'Reilly, Matthias Reule, Gordon Saxty, Lisa C. A. Seavers, Donna-Michelle Smith, Matt S. SquiresGary Trewartha, Margaret T. Walker, Alison J. -A. Woolford

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    234 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The application of fragment-based screening techniques to cyclin dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) identified multiple (> 30) efficient, synthetically tractable small molecule hits for further optimization. Structure-based design approaches led to the identification of multiple lead series, which retained the key interactions of the initial binding fragments and additionally explored other areas of the ATP binding site. The majority of this paper details the structure-guided optimization of indazole (6) using information gained from multiple ligand-CDK2 cocrystal structures. Identification of key binding features for this class of compounds resulted in a series of molecules with low nM affinity for CDK2. Optimisation of cellular activity and characterization of pharmacokinetic properties led to the identification of 33 (AT7519), which is currently being evaluated in clinical trials for the treatment of human cancers.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)4986-4999
    Number of pages14
    JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
    Volume51
    Issue number16
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2008

    Cite this

    Wyatt, P. G., Woodhead, A. J., Berdini, V., Boulstridge, J. A., Carr, M. G., Cross, D. M., Davis, D. J., Devine, L. A., Early, T. R., Feltell, R. E., Lewis, E. J., McMenamin, R. L., Navarro, E. F., O'Brien, M. A., O'Reilly, M., Reule, M., Saxty, G., Seavers, L. C. A., Smith, D-M., ... Woolford, A. J. -A. (2008). Identification of N-(4-piperidinyl)-4-(2,6-dichlorobenzoylamino)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide (AT7519), a novel cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor using fragment-based X-ray crystallography and structure based drug design. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 51(16), 4986-4999. https://doi.org/10.1021/jm800382h