Identification of transcriptional and metabolic programs related to mammalian cell size

Teemu P. Miettinen, Heli K. J. Pessa, Matias J. Caldez, Tobias Fuhrer, M. Kasim Diril, Uwe Sauer, Philipp Kaldis, Mikael Bjorklund (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    88 Citations (Scopus)
    136 Downloads (Pure)


    Regulation of cell size requires coordination of growth and proliferation. Conditional loss of cyclin-dependent kinase 1 in mice permits hepatocyte growth without cell division, allowing us to study cell size in vivo using transcriptomics and metabolomics.

    Larger cells displayed increased expression of cytoskeletal genes but unexpectedly repressed expression of many genes involved in mitochondrial functions. This effect appears to be cell autonomous because cultured Drosophila cells induced to increase cell size displayed a similar gene-expression pattern. Larger hepatocytes also displayed a reduction in the expression of lipogenic transcription factors, especially sterol-regulatory element binding proteins. Inhibition of mitochondrial functions and lipid biosynthesis, which is dependent on mitochondrial metabolism, increased the cell size with reciprocal effects on cell proliferation in several cell lines.

    We uncover that large cell-size increase is accompanied by downregulation of mitochondrial gene expression, similar to that observed in diabetic individuals. Mitochondrial metabolism and lipid synthesis are used to couple cell size and cell proliferation. This regulatory mechanism may provide a possible mechanism for sensing metazoan cell size.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)598-608
    Number of pages11
    JournalCurrent Biology
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014


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