Identifying spring barley cultivars with differential response to tillage

Adrian C. Newton (Lead / Corresponding author), Tracy A. Valentine, Blair M. McKenzie, Timothy S. George, David C. Guy, Christine A. Hackett

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Abstract

Cultivars and some cultivar mixtures of spring barley were grown under inversion and non-inversion tillage conditions for three or four years and assessed for disease and yield in order to obtain genotypes that can be used to determine the mechanisms of cultivation adaptation. In general, the higher-yielding cultivars under inversion tillage conditions gave lower yields under non-inversion tillage, whereas low-yielding older cultivars showed relatively smaller reductions in yield under non-inversion tillage. A few cultivars showed preferential yield performance for either inversion or non-inversion tillage and this was irrespective of their overall yield performance. There was no pedigree or breeding programme link between these cultivars and no above-ground gross morphological trait observed was associated with tillage adaptation. Root hairs may contribute to inversion tillage adaptation as a root hair absence mutant was associated with non-inversion adaptation and it is likely that other root-associated traits are responsible also for tillage adaptation. There was no overall cultivar or tillage interaction with rhynchosporium symptoms but a differential tillage interaction may occur in individual years. We have identified clearly contrasting cultivars and tested their across-season robustness with respect to tillage treatment for further detailed mechanistic studies and identification of tillage adaptation traits.

Original languageEnglish
Article number686
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalAgronomy
Volume10
Issue number5
Early online date13 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Disease
  • Inversion tillage
  • Non-inversion tillage
  • Spring barley
  • Yield

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    Newton, A. C., Valentine, T. A., McKenzie, B. M., George, T. S., Guy, D. C., & Hackett, C. A. (2020). Identifying spring barley cultivars with differential response to tillage. Agronomy, 10(5), 1-18. [686]. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10050686