IFI16 and cGAS cooperate in the activation of STING during DNA sensing in human keratinocytes

Jessica F. Almine, Craig A. J. O'Hare, Gillian Dunphy, Ismar R. Haga, Rangeetha J. Naik, Abdelmadjid Atrih, Dympna J. Connolly, Jordan Taylor, Ian R. Kelsall, Andrew G. Bowie, Philippa M. Beard, Leonie Unterholzner (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

223 Citations (Scopus)
340 Downloads (Pure)


Many human cells can sense the presence of exogenous DNA during infection though the cytosolic DNA receptor cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS), which produces the second messenger cyclic GMP-AMP (cGAMP). Other putative DNA receptors have been described, but whether their functions are redundant, tissue-specific or integrated in the cGAS-cGAMP pathway is unclear. Here we show that interferon-γ inducible protein 16 (IFI16) cooperates with cGAS during DNA sensing in human keratinocytes, as both cGAS and IFI16 are required for the full activation of an innate immune response to exogenous DNA and DNA viruses. IFI16 is also required for the cGAMP-induced activation of STING, and interacts with STING to promote STING phosphorylation and translocation. We propose that the two DNA sensors IFI16 and cGAS cooperate to prevent the spurious activation of the type I interferon response.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14392
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2017


Dive into the research topics of 'IFI16 and cGAS cooperate in the activation of STING during DNA sensing in human keratinocytes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this