Holiday or vacation? The processing of variation in vocabulary across dialects

Clara D. Martin (Lead / Corresponding author), Xavier Garcia, Douglas Potter, Alissa Melinger, Albert Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)
117 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Native speakers with different linguistic backgrounds differ in their usage of language, and particularly in their vocabulary. For instance, British natives would use the word "holiday" when American natives would prefer the word "vacation". This study investigates how cross-dialectal lexical variation impacts lexical processing. Electrophysiological responses were recorded, while British natives listened to British or American speech in which lexical frequency dominance across dialects was manipulated (British versus American vocabulary). Words inconsistent with the dialect of the speaker (British words uttered by American speakers and vice versa) elicited larger negative electrophysiological deflections than consistent words, 700 ms after stimulus onset. Thus, processing of British words was easier when listening to British speakers and processing of American words was easier when listening to American speakers. These results show that listeners integrate their knowledge about cross-dialectal lexical variations in vocabulary as speech unfolds, as it was previously shown for social lexical variations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-390
Number of pages16
JournalLanguage, Cognition and Neuroscience
Volume31
Issue number3
Early online date20 Oct 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Holidays
vacation
Vocabulary
holiday
Population Groups
dialect
Word Processing
vocabulary
North American Indians
Linguistics
listener
stimulus
Language
linguistics
language

Cite this

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title = "Holiday or vacation? The processing of variation in vocabulary across dialects",
abstract = "Native speakers with different linguistic backgrounds differ in their usage of language, and particularly in their vocabulary. For instance, British natives would use the word {"}holiday{"} when American natives would prefer the word {"}vacation{"}. This study investigates how cross-dialectal lexical variation impacts lexical processing. Electrophysiological responses were recorded, while British natives listened to British or American speech in which lexical frequency dominance across dialects was manipulated (British versus American vocabulary). Words inconsistent with the dialect of the speaker (British words uttered by American speakers and vice versa) elicited larger negative electrophysiological deflections than consistent words, 700 ms after stimulus onset. Thus, processing of British words was easier when listening to British speakers and processing of American words was easier when listening to American speakers. These results show that listeners integrate their knowledge about cross-dialectal lexical variations in vocabulary as speech unfolds, as it was previously shown for social lexical variations.",
author = "Martin, {Clara D.} and Xavier Garcia and Douglas Potter and Alissa Melinger and Albert Costa",
note = "Native speakers with different linguistic backgrounds differ in their usage of language, and particularly in their vocabulary. For instance, British natives would use the word 'holiday' when American natives would prefer the word 'vacation'. This study investigates how cross-dialectal lexical variation impacts lexical processing, by using event-related potentials. Electrophysiological responses were recorded while British natives listened to British or American speech in which lexical frequency dominance across dialects was manipulated (British versus American vocabulary). Words inconsistent with the dialect of the speaker (British words uttered by American speakers and vice versa) elicited larger negative electrophysiological deflections than consistent words, around 700 ms after stimulus onset. Thus, processing of British words was easier when listening to British speakers and processing of American words was easier when listening to American speakers. These results show that listeners integrate their knowledge about cross-dialectal lexical variations in vocabulary as speech unfolds, as it was previously shown for social lexical variations. Moreover, it shows that speech perception is influenced by speaker’s attributes not only at the conceptual but also at the lexical level. These results have important methodological implications, revealing that context-dependent information (such as speaker’s accent) better explains lexical integration than context-independent lexical frequency.",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1080/23273798.2015.1100750",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "375--390",
journal = "Language, Cognition and Neuroscience",
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Holiday or vacation? The processing of variation in vocabulary across dialects. / Martin, Clara D. (Lead / Corresponding author); Garcia, Xavier; Potter, Douglas; Melinger, Alissa; Costa, Albert.

In: Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2016, p. 375-390.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Garcia, Xavier

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AU - Melinger, Alissa

AU - Costa, Albert

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AB - Native speakers with different linguistic backgrounds differ in their usage of language, and particularly in their vocabulary. For instance, British natives would use the word "holiday" when American natives would prefer the word "vacation". This study investigates how cross-dialectal lexical variation impacts lexical processing. Electrophysiological responses were recorded, while British natives listened to British or American speech in which lexical frequency dominance across dialects was manipulated (British versus American vocabulary). Words inconsistent with the dialect of the speaker (British words uttered by American speakers and vice versa) elicited larger negative electrophysiological deflections than consistent words, 700 ms after stimulus onset. Thus, processing of British words was easier when listening to British speakers and processing of American words was easier when listening to American speakers. These results show that listeners integrate their knowledge about cross-dialectal lexical variations in vocabulary as speech unfolds, as it was previously shown for social lexical variations.

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