Obesity is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. interleukin-1 (IL-1), a pro-inflammatory cytokine secreted by adipose tissue, is involved in breast cancer development. There is also convincing evidence that other adipocytokines including leptin not only have a role in haematopoiesis, reproduction and immunity but are also growth factors in cancer. Therefore, IL-1 family and leptin family are adipocytokines which could represent a major link between obesity and breast cancer progression. This minireview provides insight into recent findings on the prognostic significance of IL-1 and leptin in mammary tumours, and discusses the potential interplay between IL-1 family members and adipocyte-derived hormones in breast cancer.
- Breast Neoplasms