IL-12 is an important immunomodulatory cytokine that induces tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)4. IL-12 induces sustained activation and nuclear translocation of STAT4 and this regulatory process is coupled to both tyrosine and serine phosphorylation of this molecule. IL-12-activated tyrosine kinases are the Janus kinases Jak2 and Tyk2 but little is known about IL-12 regulation of serine kinases. The object of the present study was to explore the role of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) Erk1 and Erk2 and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) in STAT4 regulation. Here we show that the IL-12-induced STAT4 serine kinase is not sensitive to inhibitors of the PI3K or MAPK Erk1,2. Moreover, IL-12 activation of STAT4 in human peripheral blood-derived T cells is not accompanied by stimulation of the Ras guanine nucleotide binding cycle or stimulation of MAPK Erk1,2 or initiation of the PI3K signaling pathways. IL-12 is unable to initiate the serine phosphorylation of STAT 1 and 3. This reveals that the STAT1, 3 and 4 serine kinases are not coordinately regulated in human T cells and that IL-12 must regulate serine phosphorylation of STAT4 by a kinase network distinct to the MAPK Erk1,2 or PI3K pathways.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Jun 2000|
- Mitogen-activated protein kinase
- Phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase
- T lymphocyte