IL-33: a central cytokine in helminth infections

Henry J. McSorley (Lead / Corresponding author), Danielle J. Smyth

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

IL-33 is an alarmin cytokine which has been implicated in allergy, fibrosis, inflammation, tumorigenesis, metabolism, and homeostasis. However, amongst its strongest roles are in helminth infections, where IL-33 usually (but not always) is central to induction of an effective anti-parasitic immune response. In this review, we will summarise the literature around this fascinating cytokine, its activity on immune and non-immune cells, the unique (and sometimes counterintuitive) responses it induces, and how it can coordinate the immune response during infections by parasitic helminths. Finally, we will summarise some of the ways that parasites have developed to modulate the IL-33 pathway for their own benefit.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101532
Number of pages12
JournalSeminars in Immunology
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Helminth
  • IL-33
  • Immunoregulation
  • Parasite

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