Immersion and the Submerged: The Scapa 100 Project

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The scuttling of the German WWI High Seas Fleet at Scapa Flow, Orkney, on 21st June 1919 was the last military action of WWI. The "Scapa 100" project will commemorate the events of that day during the centenary year in 2019. As part of the commemoration, a team of technical divers, marine archaeologists, historians and 3D visualisation designers are collaborating to represent the historically significant shipwrecks, still remaining on the seabed at Scapa Flow to a wider audience who may never experience them first hand. The team are surveying the German wrecks using a range of techniques from multi-beam sonar to 3D photogrammetry (Structure from Motion) to produce high resolution 3D visualisations of the wrecks revealing their current condition at this unique site. One element of the project: Battleship Explorer, involves the replication of the battleship SMS Markgraf using data sourced from the recreational diver community. These "citizen" divers submit their photographs and videos to assist in the creation of a complete model of the wreck which will be presented at full scale in an immersive VR experience. In addition, many of the artefacts recovered from the wrecks since the scuttling and subsequent salvage operations are being scanned with the support of Orkney Museums at Lyness, Stromness and Kirkwall. These items will be presented as an online virtual museum complete with the stories behind their acquisition and collection. This paper will present early results from the Scapa100 project, including 3D visualisations from the recent HMS Hampshire and HMS Vanguard surveys.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbstracts CAA Tubingen 2018
Place of PublicationTübingen, Germany
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2018
Event46th International Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA) : Human history and digital future - Eberhard Karls Universitat, Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
Duration: 19 Mar 201823 Mar 2018
Conference number: 46


Conference46th International Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA)
Abbreviated titleCAA2018
Internet address


  • 3D Visualisation
  • shipwreck
  • Virtual reality


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  • The Scapa 100 Project

    Rowland, C., 2020, University of Dundee.

    Research output: Other contribution

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