Impaired respiratory system resistance and reactance are associated with bronchial wall thickening in persistent asthma

Rory Chan, Chary Duraikannu, Mohamed Jaushal Thouseef, Brian Lipworth (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)
    51 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Background: A recent study demonstrated a significant correlation between bronchial biopsy airway remodelling with quantitative computed tomography looking at bronchial wall thickness.

    Objectives: To identify clinical associations with bronchial wall thickness in moderate-to-severe asthma.

    Methods: 92 respiratory physician diagnosed GINA-defined moderate-to-severe asthma patients were included in this retrospective cohort study. Blinded to all clinical data, two senior thoracic radiologists independently measured airway lumen and total airway area at four different bronchopulmonary segments using high resolution CT imaging. We calculated adjusted odds ratios (aORs) in regard to the association of bronchial wall thickness with spirometry, oscillometry, exacerbations and nasal polyps.

    Results: The pooled analysis for all four bronchopulmonary segments showed that AX≥1.0kPa/L, R5-R20 ratio ≥25%, ≥2 exac/yr and nasal polyposis exhibited aOR (95%CI) of 3.54 (1.22,10.32); 2.89 (1.03,8.05); 4.17 (1.25,13.90); and 9.85 (2.33,41.74) respectively in their association with wall area thickness ≥50%. These translated into a respective 72%, 65%, 76% and 90% increased likelihood for wall area ≥50%.

    Conclusion: Bronchial wall thickness is associated with peripheral airways resistance and reactance, severe exacerbations and nasal polyposis in persistent asthma.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1459-1462.E3
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
    Volume11
    Issue number5
    Early online date10 Jan 2023
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2023

    Keywords

    • Airway remodeling
    • Asthma
    • Bronchial wall thickness
    • Exacerbations
    • Oscillometry
    • Peripheral airways resistance
    • Reactance

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Immunology and Allergy

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