Implementation of a neurophysiological model of saccadic eye movements on an anthropomorphic robotic head

Luigi Manfredi, Eliseo Stefano Maini, Paolo Dario, Cecilia Laschi, Benoît Girard, Nicolas Tabareau, Alain Berthoz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper we investigated the relevance of a robotic implementation in the development and validation of a neurophysiological model of the generation of saccadic eye movements. To this aim, a well-characterized model of the brainstem saccadic circuitry was implemented on a humanoid robot head with 7 degrees of freedom (DOFs), which was designed to mimic the human head in terms of the physical dimensions (i.e. geometry and masses), the kinematics (i.e. number of DOFs and ranges of motion), the dynamics (i.e. velocities and accelerations), and the functionality (i.e. the ocular movements of vergence, smooth pursuit and saccades). Our implementation makes the robot head execute saccadic eye movements upon a visual stimulus appearing in the periphery of the robot visual field, by reproducing the following steps: projection or the camera images onto collicular images, according to the modeled mapping between the retina and the superior colliculus (SC); transformation of the retinotopic coordinates of the stimulus obtained in the camera reference frame into their corresponding projections on the SC; spatiotemporal transformation of these coordinates according to what is known to happen in the brainstem saccade burst generator of primates; and execution of the eye movement by controlling one eye motor of the robot, in velocity. The capabilities of the robot head to execute saccadic movements have been tested with respect to the neurophysiological model implemented, in view of the use of this robotic implementation for validating and tuning the model itself, in further focused experimental trials.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2006 6th IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots, HUMANOIDS
Pages438-443
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2006
Event2006 6th IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots, HUMANOIDS - Genoa, Italy
Duration: 4 Dec 20066 Dec 2006

Conference

Conference2006 6th IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots, HUMANOIDS
CountryItaly
CityGenoa
Period4/12/066/12/06

Keywords

  • Biomimetic implementation
  • Neurophysiological model
  • Robotic head
  • Saccadic eye movements

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    Manfredi, L., Maini, E. S., Dario, P., Laschi, C., Girard, B., Tabareau, N., & Berthoz, A. (2006). Implementation of a neurophysiological model of saccadic eye movements on an anthropomorphic robotic head. In Proceedings of the 2006 6th IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots, HUMANOIDS (pp. 438-443). [4115639] https://doi.org/10.1109/ICHR.2006.321309