Improving participation and engagement with a COVID-19 surveillance programme in an outpatient setting

Callum Wemyss (Lead / Corresponding author), Simon Hobson, Jill Sweeney, Pei Rong Chua, Siti Aishah Binti Mohd Khairi, Maura Edwards, Jacqueline Burns, Niall McGoldrick, Raymond Braid, Megan Gorman, Suzanne Redmond, Claire Clark, Clare Brown, Chris Watling, David I Conway, Shauna Culshaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Background: On 3 August 2020, Public Health Scotland commenced a prospective surveillance study to monitor the prevalence of COVID-19 among asymptomatic outpatients attending dental clinics across 14 health boards in Scotland.

Objectives: The primary aim of this quality improvement project was to increase the number of COVID-19 tests carried out in one of the participating sites, Glasgow Dental Hospital and School. The secondary aim was to identify barriers to patient participation and staff engagement when implementing a public health initiative in an outpatient setting.

Method: A quality improvement working group met weekly to discuss hospital findings, identify drivers and change ideas. Details on reasons for patient non-participation were recorded and questionnaires on project barriers were distributed to staff. In response to findings, rapid interventions were implemented to fast-track increases in the numbers of tests being carried out.

Results: Over 16 weeks, 972 tests were carried out by Glasgow Dental Hospital and School Secondary Care Services. The number of tests per week increased from 19 (week 1) to 129 (week 16). This compares to a similar ‘control’ site, where the number of tests carried out remained unchanged; 38 (week 1) to 36 (week 16). The most frequent reason given for non-participation was fear that the swab would hurt. For staff, lack of time and forgetting to ask patients were identified as the most significant barriers.

Conclusion: Public health surveillance programmes can be integrated rapidly into outpatient settings. This project has shown that a quality improvement approach can be successful in integrating such programmes. The key interventions used were staff engagement initiatives and front-line data collection. Implementation barriers were also identified using staff questionnaires
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere001700
Number of pages7
JournalBMJ Open Quality
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2022


  • COVID-19
  • Healthcare quality improvement
  • Quality improvement
  • Surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy
  • Leadership and Management


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