In vivo stress reporters as early biomarkers of the cellular changes associated with progeria

Francisco Inesta-Vaquera (Lead / Corresponding author), Florian Weiland, Colin J. Henderson, Charles Roland Wolf (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Abstract

Age-related diseases account for a high proportion of the total global burden of disease. Despite recent advances in understanding their molecular basis, there is a lack of suitable early biomarkers to test selected compounds and accelerate their translation to clinical trials. We have investigated the utility of in vivo stress reporter systems as surrogate early biomarkers of the degenerative disease progression. We hypothesized that cellular stress observed in models of human degenerative disease preceded overt cellular damage and at the same time will identify potential cytoprotective pathways. To test this hypothesis, we generated novel accelerated ageing (progeria) reporter mice by crossing the LmnaG609G mice into our oxidative stress/inflammation (Hmox1) and DNA damage (p21) stress reporter models. Histological analysis of reporter expression demonstrated a time-dependent and tissue-specific activation of the reporters in tissues directly associated with Progeria, including smooth muscle cells, the vasculature and gastrointestinal tract. Importantly, reporter expression was detected prior to any perceptible deleterious phenotype. Reporter expression can therefore be used as an early marker of progeria pathogenesis and to test therapeutic interventions. This work also demonstrates the potential to use stress reporter approaches to study and find new treatments for other degenerative diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5463-5472
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Volume26
Issue number21
Early online date6 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • accelerated ageing
  • early biomarker
  • preclinical model
  • progeria
  • stress pathways

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