Increased activity of oxygen free radicals during reperfusion in patients with peripheral arterial disease undergoing percutaneous peripheral artery balloon angioplasty

C S Lau, N Scott, J W Shaw, J J Belch

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    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Modern balloon angioplasty plays an important role in the treatment of localized arterial lesions in patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD). However, the process of angioplasty produces a situation of acute ischaemia followed by reperfusion and animal studies have shown such situation to be associated with an increase in free radical (FR) generation. FRs cause tissue damage and may be prothrombotic and may therefore contribute to the occurrence of restenosis. Release of FRs during reperfusion has not been fully investigated in humans. We studied the FR activity in 44 patients with PVD in the superficial or popliteal arteries receiving angioplasty treatment. Thirty patients had stenotic lesions and 14 had totally occlusive disease. Baseline blood samples were taken from the arterial catheter for the assay of malondialdehyde (MDA) (spectrophotometric thiobarbituric acid assay) immediately before and after balloon inflation. MDA is a measure of lipid peroxidation which is an indicator of FR activity. MDA levels during reperfusion were significantly higher than those immediately prior to balloon inflation [8.4 (0.29) vs 8.1 (0.24) µmol/l, respectively; mean increase-0.34 (0.13) µmol/l; [mean (sem)] p < 0.01 (paired Wilcoxon rank test)] in the stenotic lesions. Such changes were not observed in the totally occlusive lesions [7.26 (0.39) vs 7.26 (0.48) µmol/l, respectively; p = 0.75]. Our study has shown increased FR release following angioplasty in patients with stenotic, but not occlusive, peripheral vascular lesions. Angioplasty of the stenotic lesions creates a situation of acute ischaemia and reperfusion whereas that of the occlusive lesions leads to the reperfusion of a chronically ischaemic area. (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)244-246
    Number of pages3
    JournalInternational Angiology
    Volume10
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1991

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