Increased neural response to social rejection in major depression

Poornima Kumara (Lead / Corresponding author), Gordon D. Waiter, Magda Dubois, Maarten Milders, Ian Reid , J. Douglas Steele

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    16 Citations (Scopus)
    49 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Background: Being a part of community is critical for survival and individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) have a greater sensitivity to interpersonal stress that makes them vulnerable to future episodes. Social rejection is a critical risk factor for depression and it is said to increase interpersonal stress and thereby impairing social functioning. It is therefore critical to understand the neural correlates of social rejection in MDD.

    Methods: To this end, we scanned 15 medicated MDD and 17 healthy individuals during a modified cyberball passing game, where participants were exposed to increasing levels of social exclusion. Neural responses to increasing social exclusion were investigated and compared between groups.

    Results: We showed that compared to controls, MDD individuals exhibited greater amygdala, insula and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex activation to increasing social exclusion and this correlated negatively with hedonic tone and self-esteem scores across all participants.

    Conclusions: These preliminary results support the hypothesis that depression is associated with hyperactive response to social rejection. These findings highlight the importance of studying social interactions in depression, as they often lead to social withdrawal and isolation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1049-1056
    Number of pages8
    JournalDepression and Anxiety
    Volume34
    Issue number11
    Early online date20 Jun 2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2017

    Fingerprint

    Social Distance
    Major Depressive Disorder
    Depression
    Social Isolation
    Pleasure
    Interpersonal Relations
    Amygdala
    Prefrontal Cortex
    Self Concept

    Keywords

    • Social exclusion
    • Amygdala
    • Insula
    • Self-esteem
    • Cyberball

    Cite this

    Kumara, P., Waiter, G. D., Dubois, M., Milders, M., Reid , I., & Steele, J. D. (2017). Increased neural response to social rejection in major depression. Depression and Anxiety, 34(11), 1049-1056. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22665
    Kumara, Poornima ; Waiter, Gordon D. ; Dubois, Magda ; Milders, Maarten ; Reid , Ian ; Steele, J. Douglas. / Increased neural response to social rejection in major depression. In: Depression and Anxiety. 2017 ; Vol. 34, No. 11. pp. 1049-1056.
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    Kumara, P, Waiter, GD, Dubois, M, Milders, M, Reid , I & Steele, JD 2017, 'Increased neural response to social rejection in major depression', Depression and Anxiety, vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 1049-1056. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22665

    Increased neural response to social rejection in major depression. / Kumara, Poornima (Lead / Corresponding author); Waiter, Gordon D.; Dubois, Magda ; Milders, Maarten; Reid , Ian; Steele, J. Douglas.

    In: Depression and Anxiety, Vol. 34, No. 11, 07.11.2017, p. 1049-1056.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Waiter, Gordon D.

    AU - Dubois, Magda

    AU - Milders, Maarten

    AU - Reid , Ian

    AU - Steele, J. Douglas

    N1 - no funding info

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    N2 - Background: Being a part of community is critical for survival and individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) have a greater sensitivity to interpersonal stress that makes them vulnerable to future episodes. Social rejection is a critical risk factor for depression and it is said to increase interpersonal stress and thereby impairing social functioning. It is therefore critical to understand the neural correlates of social rejection in MDD.Methods: To this end, we scanned 15 medicated MDD and 17 healthy individuals during a modified cyberball passing game, where participants were exposed to increasing levels of social exclusion. Neural responses to increasing social exclusion were investigated and compared between groups.Results: We showed that compared to controls, MDD individuals exhibited greater amygdala, insula and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex activation to increasing social exclusion and this correlated negatively with hedonic tone and self-esteem scores across all participants.Conclusions: These preliminary results support the hypothesis that depression is associated with hyperactive response to social rejection. These findings highlight the importance of studying social interactions in depression, as they often lead to social withdrawal and isolation.

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