Index laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute admissions with cholelithiasis provides excellent training opportunities in emergency general surgery

P. Sanjay, J. Moore, E. Saffouri, S. A. Ogston, C. Kulli, F. M. Polignano, I. S. Tait

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    Abstract

    Background: There is minimal data on the outcome of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for acute gallbladder disease when performed by trainees. This study assesses the outcomes of a policy of same admission LC incorporated into a surgical training programme in a major teaching hospital.

    Methods: 447 index LCs performed over a 3-year period were reviewed retrospectively. The indications, operating surgeon, operating time, use of IOC, conversion rates, reasons for conversion and post-operative stay were analysed. Multivariate analysis of reasons for conversion was performed.

    Results: 150 LCs were performed by consultants and 297 by registrars; 67 were performed by year 1-3 specialist registrars (SpR) and 230 by year 4-6 SpRs. The indications were biliary colic (n = 7), acute cholecystitis (n = 180), chronic cholecystitis (n = 260), carcinoma (n = 1). No difference was found in demographics, operating time (105 mm Vs 115 min), use of IOC (34% Vs 29%; P = 0.2) and post-operative stay (2 days Vs 1 day) between consultants and registrars. The conversion rates were higher for consultants compared to registrars (29 (19%) Vs 28 (9%), P = 0.004). The overall conversion rate was 11%. There were no bile duct injuries. Predictors for conversion were CRP > 50 at admission and acute cholecystitis.

    Conclusion: In a teaching hospital setting most acute admission LCs (66%) were performed by trainees. A step wise training programme with active consultant supervision of all index LCs results in low morbidity, low conversion rates, and a short post-operative stay for acute gallbladder disease. This model of same admission cholecystectomy provides a good training opportunity in emergency general surgery. (C) 2009 Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (Scottish charity number SC005317) and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)127-131
    Number of pages5
    JournalSurgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
    Volume8
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

    Keywords

    • Index admission
    • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
    • Surgical training
    • ACUTE CHOLECYSTITIS
    • SURGICAL-MANAGEMENT
    • RANDOMIZED-TRIAL
    • CONVERSION
    • HOSPITALS
    • WAIT
    • UK

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