Infestation of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) by the peach-potato aphid (Myzus persicae Sulzer) alters cellular redox status and is influenced by ascorbate

Pavel I. Kerchev, Brian Fenton, Christine H. Foyer, Robert D. Hancock (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    33 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The peach-potato aphid (Myzus persicae Sulzer) is a major pest of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) but the molecular characterization of this interaction particularly with regard to oxidants and antioxidants remains to be undertaken. Aphid colonies reared on potato leaves containing high ascorbate were twice the size of those grown on leaves with low ascorbate. Infestation-dependent decreases in the abundance of key transcripts such as chloroplastic FeSOD, peroxisomal catalase 2, PR1 and JAZ1 preceded detectable leaf H(2)O(2) or polyphenol accumulation. The leaf glutathione pool was increased 48 h after infestation, but the amount of ascorbate was unchanged. The ascorbate/dehydroacorbate (DHA) ratio was lower at 48 h but the ratio of reduced glutathione (GSH) to oxidized glutathione (GSSG) was unchanged. While DHA reductase and GSSG reductase activities were unaffected by aphid feeding, non-specific peroxidase activities were enhanced 48 h following aphid infestation. Brown ethanol-insoluble deposits were observed close to leaf veins following aphid infestation. Taken together, the results demonstrate that high ascorbate favours aphid colony expansion and that perturbations in the leaf antioxidant system are intrinsic to the potato leaf response to aphids. Moreover, these changes together with the induction of hormone-related transcripts precede the deposition of defence-associated oxidized polyphenols along the stylet track.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)430-440
    Number of pages11
    JournalPlant, Cell & Environment
    Volume35
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

    Keywords

    • Animals
    • Antioxidants
    • Aphids
    • Ascorbic Acid
    • Glutathione
    • Herbivory
    • Hydrogen Peroxide
    • Oxidation-Reduction
    • Plant Diseases
    • Plant Growth Regulators
    • Plant Immunity
    • Plant Leaves
    • Plant Proteins
    • Polyphenols
    • Prunus
    • Solanum tuberosum
    • Time Factors

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