Aims: To test the non-inferiority of a single dose of tadalafil 20 mg compared with placebo with respect to 26-h mean ambulatory systolic and diastolic blood pressure in treated and untreated hypertensive subjects. Methods: A multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study in 114 subjects with hypertension (36 subjects on no therapy with daytime mean ambulatory blood pressure ≥ 140/85 mmHg; 38 subjects on two to four classes of antihypertensive agents with daytime mean ambulatory blood pressure ≥140/85 mmHg and 40 subjects on two to four classes of antihypertensive agents with ambulatory blood pressure < 140/85 mmHg). Results: Overall tadalafil reduced mean ambulatory blood pressure monitor systolic and diastolic blood pressure by 4.8 mmHg [95% confidence interval (Cl) 3.7, 5.9; P < 0.01] and 2.9 mmHg (95% CI 1.9, 3.6; P < 0.01), respectively, compared with placebo. In hypertensive subjects with uncontrolled blood pressure on two to four classes of antihypertensive agents (n = 36) tadalafil reduced mean ABPM systolic and diastolic blood pressure by 7.5 mmHg (95% CI 5.4, 9.6; P < 0.01) and 4.3 mmHg (95% CI 6.1, 8.9; P < 0.01) compared with placebo. Conclusions: In patients with uncontrolled hypertension on multiple agents the addition of tadalafil 20 mg lowered mean 26-h blood pressure.
- Ambulatory blood pressure
- Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor