Influence of sense of coherence on adolescents' self-perceived dental aesthetics

a cross-sectional study

Aline Cavalcanti da Costa, Fabrícia Soares Rodrigues, Priscila Prosini da Fonte, Aronita Rosenblatt, Nicola Patricia Thérèse Innes (Lead / Corresponding author), Mônica Vilela Heimer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)
107 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a psychosocial factor capable of influencing perception of health, improving one's ability to manage life. It is the central construct of salutogenesis. SOC allows for identification and mobilization of resources to effectively manage or solve problems, promoting health and quality of life. Using Wilson-Cleary's conceptual model we hypothesized that SOC might contribute to self-perception of dental aesthetics. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SOC levels were related to self-perception of dental aesthetics against assessed normative orthodontic treatment need among adolescents.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 615 male and female adolescents aged 12 to 15 years. Data collection comprised socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics, SOC (SOC 13), self-perceived dental aesthetics (Oral Aesthetic Subjective Impact Scale), and assessment of orthodontic treatment need (Dental Aesthetic Index). Statistical analysis involved Pearson's chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney test and multiple linear regression. Spearman's correlation coefficient was calculated for the determination of the strength of correlations among the numerical variables. The level of significance was set at 5% (p < 0.05).

Results: 50.1% of the participants were classified as having a high SOC (≥ median). Overall, SOC was associated with self-perceived dental aesthetics (p = 0.048). In the adolescents with no orthodontic treatment need, those with a low SOC perceived their dental aesthetics more negatively than those with high levels of SOC. The multiple regression analysis demonstrated an inverse relationship between SOC and: 1) age (p = 0.007), SOC being higher in the younger age group; 2) self-perceived dental aesthetics (p = 0.001), a higher SOC being associated with those who had a positive dental self-perception.

Conclusions: SOC was associated with self-perceived dental aesthetics and adolescents with a high SOC were more likely to perceive their dental aesthetics more positively. SOC did not seem to influence self-perception of dental aesthetics in adolescents who were clinically assessed as having an orthodontic treatment need, however, in those where there was no orthodontic treatment need, a low SOC was associated with a negative self-perception of dental appearance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Oral Health
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2017

Fingerprint

Dental Esthetics
Sense of Coherence
Cross-Sectional Studies
Orthodontics
Self Concept
Tooth
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Sense of coherence
  • Self-perception
  • Dental aesthetics
  • Adolescent

Cite this

da Costa, Aline Cavalcanti ; Rodrigues, Fabrícia Soares ; da Fonte, Priscila Prosini ; Rosenblatt, Aronita ; Innes, Nicola Patricia Thérèse ; Heimer, Mônica Vilela. / Influence of sense of coherence on adolescents' self-perceived dental aesthetics : a cross-sectional study. In: BMC Oral Health. 2017 ; Vol. 17. pp. 1-9.
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title = "Influence of sense of coherence on adolescents' self-perceived dental aesthetics: a cross-sectional study",
abstract = "Background: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a psychosocial factor capable of influencing perception of health, improving one's ability to manage life. It is the central construct of salutogenesis. SOC allows for identification and mobilization of resources to effectively manage or solve problems, promoting health and quality of life. Using Wilson-Cleary's conceptual model we hypothesized that SOC might contribute to self-perception of dental aesthetics. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SOC levels were related to self-perception of dental aesthetics against assessed normative orthodontic treatment need among adolescents.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 615 male and female adolescents aged 12 to 15 years. Data collection comprised socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics, SOC (SOC 13), self-perceived dental aesthetics (Oral Aesthetic Subjective Impact Scale), and assessment of orthodontic treatment need (Dental Aesthetic Index). Statistical analysis involved Pearson's chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney test and multiple linear regression. Spearman's correlation coefficient was calculated for the determination of the strength of correlations among the numerical variables. The level of significance was set at 5{\%} (p < 0.05).Results: 50.1{\%} of the participants were classified as having a high SOC (≥ median). Overall, SOC was associated with self-perceived dental aesthetics (p = 0.048). In the adolescents with no orthodontic treatment need, those with a low SOC perceived their dental aesthetics more negatively than those with high levels of SOC. The multiple regression analysis demonstrated an inverse relationship between SOC and: 1) age (p = 0.007), SOC being higher in the younger age group; 2) self-perceived dental aesthetics (p = 0.001), a higher SOC being associated with those who had a positive dental self-perception.Conclusions: SOC was associated with self-perceived dental aesthetics and adolescents with a high SOC were more likely to perceive their dental aesthetics more positively. SOC did not seem to influence self-perception of dental aesthetics in adolescents who were clinically assessed as having an orthodontic treatment need, however, in those where there was no orthodontic treatment need, a low SOC was associated with a negative self-perception of dental appearance.",
keywords = "Sense of coherence, Self-perception, Dental aesthetics, Adolescent",
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Influence of sense of coherence on adolescents' self-perceived dental aesthetics : a cross-sectional study. / da Costa, Aline Cavalcanti; Rodrigues, Fabrícia Soares; da Fonte, Priscila Prosini; Rosenblatt, Aronita; Innes, Nicola Patricia Thérèse (Lead / Corresponding author); Heimer, Mônica Vilela.

In: BMC Oral Health, Vol. 17, 117, 17.08.2017, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of sense of coherence on adolescents' self-perceived dental aesthetics

T2 - a cross-sectional study

AU - da Costa, Aline Cavalcanti

AU - Rodrigues, Fabrícia Soares

AU - da Fonte, Priscila Prosini

AU - Rosenblatt, Aronita

AU - Innes, Nicola Patricia Thérèse

AU - Heimer, Mônica Vilela

N1 - No funding was obtained for this study

PY - 2017/8/17

Y1 - 2017/8/17

N2 - Background: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a psychosocial factor capable of influencing perception of health, improving one's ability to manage life. It is the central construct of salutogenesis. SOC allows for identification and mobilization of resources to effectively manage or solve problems, promoting health and quality of life. Using Wilson-Cleary's conceptual model we hypothesized that SOC might contribute to self-perception of dental aesthetics. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SOC levels were related to self-perception of dental aesthetics against assessed normative orthodontic treatment need among adolescents.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 615 male and female adolescents aged 12 to 15 years. Data collection comprised socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics, SOC (SOC 13), self-perceived dental aesthetics (Oral Aesthetic Subjective Impact Scale), and assessment of orthodontic treatment need (Dental Aesthetic Index). Statistical analysis involved Pearson's chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney test and multiple linear regression. Spearman's correlation coefficient was calculated for the determination of the strength of correlations among the numerical variables. The level of significance was set at 5% (p < 0.05).Results: 50.1% of the participants were classified as having a high SOC (≥ median). Overall, SOC was associated with self-perceived dental aesthetics (p = 0.048). In the adolescents with no orthodontic treatment need, those with a low SOC perceived their dental aesthetics more negatively than those with high levels of SOC. The multiple regression analysis demonstrated an inverse relationship between SOC and: 1) age (p = 0.007), SOC being higher in the younger age group; 2) self-perceived dental aesthetics (p = 0.001), a higher SOC being associated with those who had a positive dental self-perception.Conclusions: SOC was associated with self-perceived dental aesthetics and adolescents with a high SOC were more likely to perceive their dental aesthetics more positively. SOC did not seem to influence self-perception of dental aesthetics in adolescents who were clinically assessed as having an orthodontic treatment need, however, in those where there was no orthodontic treatment need, a low SOC was associated with a negative self-perception of dental appearance.

AB - Background: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a psychosocial factor capable of influencing perception of health, improving one's ability to manage life. It is the central construct of salutogenesis. SOC allows for identification and mobilization of resources to effectively manage or solve problems, promoting health and quality of life. Using Wilson-Cleary's conceptual model we hypothesized that SOC might contribute to self-perception of dental aesthetics. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SOC levels were related to self-perception of dental aesthetics against assessed normative orthodontic treatment need among adolescents.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 615 male and female adolescents aged 12 to 15 years. Data collection comprised socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics, SOC (SOC 13), self-perceived dental aesthetics (Oral Aesthetic Subjective Impact Scale), and assessment of orthodontic treatment need (Dental Aesthetic Index). Statistical analysis involved Pearson's chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney test and multiple linear regression. Spearman's correlation coefficient was calculated for the determination of the strength of correlations among the numerical variables. The level of significance was set at 5% (p < 0.05).Results: 50.1% of the participants were classified as having a high SOC (≥ median). Overall, SOC was associated with self-perceived dental aesthetics (p = 0.048). In the adolescents with no orthodontic treatment need, those with a low SOC perceived their dental aesthetics more negatively than those with high levels of SOC. The multiple regression analysis demonstrated an inverse relationship between SOC and: 1) age (p = 0.007), SOC being higher in the younger age group; 2) self-perceived dental aesthetics (p = 0.001), a higher SOC being associated with those who had a positive dental self-perception.Conclusions: SOC was associated with self-perceived dental aesthetics and adolescents with a high SOC were more likely to perceive their dental aesthetics more positively. SOC did not seem to influence self-perception of dental aesthetics in adolescents who were clinically assessed as having an orthodontic treatment need, however, in those where there was no orthodontic treatment need, a low SOC was associated with a negative self-perception of dental appearance.

KW - Sense of coherence

KW - Self-perception

KW - Dental aesthetics

KW - Adolescent

U2 - 10.1186/s12903-017-0405-2

DO - 10.1186/s12903-017-0405-2

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - BMC Oral Health

JF - BMC Oral Health

SN - 1472-6831

M1 - 117

ER -