Inhibition of H+ efflux and K+ uptake, and induction of K+ efflux in yeast by heavy metals

C. White, G. M. Gadd

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    31 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Energy and cell membrane ATPase‐dependent H+ efflux from yeast cells was inhibited by heavy metals, which also inhibited energy‐dependent K+ uptake by the cells. Heavy metals also induced K+ efflux from metabolizing cells in two phases: reversibly at low concentrations and irreversibly at high concentrations. The concentration dependence of all of these effects varied considerably between metals. The effect of in vivo inhibition of H+ transporting ATPases on cell membrane polarization and thus on cellular transport processes, including heavy metal uptake, are discussed. It is proposed that the inhibition of H+ efflux and the appearance of irreversible K+ efflux in yeast are potentially useful indicators of heavy metal toxicity toward yeast and possibly other fungi.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)437-447
    Number of pages11
    JournalToxicity Assessment
    Volume2
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1987

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