Initial arch wires for alignment of crooked teeth with fixed orthodontic braces

Yan Wang, Fan Jian, Wenli Lai, Zhihe Zhao, Zhi Yang, Zhengyu Liao, Zongdao Shi, Taixiang Wu, Declan T. Millett, Grant T. McIntyre, Joy Hickman

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    Abstract

    Background

    The initial arch wire is the first arch wire to be inserted into the fixed appliance at the beginning of orthodontic treatment and is used mainly for correcting crowding and rotations of teeth. With a number of orthodontic arch wires available for initial tooth alignment, it is important to understand which wire is most efficient, as well as which wires cause the least amount of root resorption and pain during the initial aligning stage of treatment.

    Objectives

    To identify and assess the evidence for the effects of initial arch wires for alignment of teeth with fixed orthodontic braces in relation to alignment speed, root resorption and pain intensity.

    Search strategy

    We searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register (30th November 2009), CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2009, Issue 4), MEDLINE (1950 to 30th November 2009) and EMBASE (1980 to 30th November 2009). Reference lists of articles were also searched. There was no restriction with regard to publication status or language of publication. We contacted all authors of included studies to identify additional studies.

    Selection criteria

    Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of initial arch wires to align crooked teeth with fixed orthodontic braces were selected. Only studies involving patients with upper and/or lower full arch fixed orthodontic appliances were included.

    Data collection and analysis

    Two review authors were responsible for study selection, validity assessment and data extraction. All disagreements were resolved by discussion amongst the review team. Corresponding authors of included studies were contacted to obtain missing information.

    Main results

    Seven RCTs, with 517 participants, provided data for this review. Among them, five trials investigated the speed of initial tooth alignment comparing: 0.016 inch ion-implanted A-NiTi wire versus 0.016 inch A-NiTi versus 0.0175 multistrand stainless steel wire; 0.016x0.022 inch medium force active M-NiTi wire versus 0.016x0.022 inch graded force active M-NiTi wire versus 0.0155 inch multistrand stainless steel wire; 0.016 inch superelastic NiTi wire versus 0.016 inch NiTi wire; 0.014 inch superelastic NiTi wire versus 0.0155 inch multistrand stainless steel wire; 0.016 inch CuNiTi wire versus 0.016 inch NiTi wire. The other two studies investigated pain intensity experienced by patients during the initial stage of treatment comparing: 0.014 inch superelastic NiTi wire versus 0.014 inch NiTi wire; 0.014 inch superelastic NiTi wire versus 0.015 inch multistrand stainless steel wire. Data analyses were often inappropriate within the included studies.

    Authors' conclusions

    There is some evidence to suggest that there is no difference between the speed of tooth alignment or pain experienced by patients when using one initial aligning arch wire over another. However, in view of the general poor quality of the including trials, these results should be viewed with caution. Further RCTs are required.

    This review is published as a Cochrane Review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 4. Cochrane Reviews are regularly updated as new evidence emerges and in response to comments and criticisms, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews should be consulted for the most recent version of the Review.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberCD007859
    Pages (from-to)-
    Number of pages44
    JournalCochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Cite this

    Wang, Y., Jian, F., Lai, W., Zhao, Z., Yang, Z., Liao, Z., Shi, Z., Wu, T., Millett, D. T., McIntyre, G. T., & Hickman, J. (2010). Initial arch wires for alignment of crooked teeth with fixed orthodontic braces. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (4), -. [CD007859]. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD007859.pub2