Initial impacts of global risk mitigation measures taken during the combatting of the COVID-19 pandemic

Yuri Bruinen de Bruin (Lead / Corresponding author), Anne-Sophie Lequarre, Josephine McCourt, Peter Clevestig, Filippo Pigazzani, Maryam Zare Jeddi, Claudio Colosio, Margarida Goulart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

237 Citations (Scopus)
209 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents an analysis of risk mitigation measures taken by countries around the world facing the current COVID-19 outbreak. In light of the current pandemic the authors collated and clustered (using harmonised terminology) the risk mitigation measures taken around the globe in the combat to contain, and since March 11 2020, to limit the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus known to cause the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This overview gathers lessons learnt, providing an update on the current knowledge for authorities, sectors and first responders on the effectiveness of said measures, and may allow enhanced prevention, preparedness and response for future outbreaks. Various measures such as mobility restrictions, physical distancing, hygienic measures, socio-economic restrictions, communication and international support mechanisms have been clustered and are reviewed in terms of the nature of the actions taken and their qualitative early-perceived impact. At the time of writing, it is still too premature to express the quantitative effectiveness of each risk mitigation cluster, but it seems that the best mitigation results are reported when applying a combination of voluntary and enforceable measures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104773
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalSafety Science
Early online date15 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


  • COVID-19
  • Corona virus
  • Mitigation impact
  • Public health
  • Risk mitigation measures
  • SARS-CoV-2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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