Interventions for the well-being of healthcare workers during a pandemic or other crisis: Scoping Review

Patrick Cairns (Lead / Corresponding author), Gillian Aitken, Lindsey Pope, Joanne Elizabeth Cecil, Kathryn Cunningham, Julie Ferguson, Katherine Gibson-Smith, Lisi Gordon, Johnston Peter, Anita Helen Laidlaw, Gillian Scanlan, Tricia Tooman, Judith Wakeling, Kim A. Walker

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Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this scoping review was to identify pre-existing interventions to support the well-being of healthcare workers during a pandemic or other crisis and to assess the quality of these interventions.

Design: Arksey and O’Malley’s five-stage scoping review framework was used to identify the types of evidence available in the field of well-being interventions for healthcare workers during a pandemic. PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL and ERIC databases were searched to find interventions for the well-being of doctors during pandemics. Owing to a lack of results, this search was expanded to all healthcare workers and to include any crisis. Databases were searched in June 2020 and again in October 2020.

Inclusion/exclusion criteria: Articles were included that studied healthcare workers, reported an intervention design and were specifically designed for use during a pandemic or other crisis. Well-being was defined broadly and could include psychological, physical, social or educational interventions.

Results: Searching produced 10 529 total academic references of which 2062 were duplicates. This left 8467 references. Of these, 16 met our inclusion criteria and were included in data extraction. During data extraction, three more papers were excluded. This left 13 papers to summarise and report. Of these 13 papers, 6 were prospective studies and 7 were purely descriptive. None of the interventions were theoretically informed in their development and the quality of the evidence was generally deemed poor.

Conclusions: There are no high-quality, theory-based interventions for the well-being of healthcare workers during a pandemic or other crisis. Given that previous pandemics have been shown to have a negative effect on healthcare workers well-being, it is imperative this shortcoming is addressed. This scoping review highlights the need for high-quality, theory-based and evidence-based interventions for the well-being of healthcare workers during a pandemic.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere047498
Number of pages10
JournalBMJ Open
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • pandemic
  • crisis
  • health personnel
  • wellbeing
  • intervention
  • COVID-19
  • health policy
  • mental health
  • anxiety disorders

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