Introduction to Genetics

Paul J. Newey, Michael P. Whyte, Rajesh V. Thakker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Genetic mutations causing Mendelian diseases usually have a large effect, whereas oligogenic or polygenic disorders summate smaller effects, sometimes with contributions from the environment. This chapter briefly reviews mineral metabolism and skeletal diseases with a genetic element underpinning their identification and characterization based on clinical evaluation. It includes a detailed medical history and physical examination, and their mode of inheritance based on appropriate interpretation using genetic testing. Many mineral metabolic and skeletal disorders have a monogenic etiology. Several factors must be considered before requesting genetic testing. These include the phenotype of the patient, the likely mode of inheritance, the potential genetic etiology and availability of additional pedigree members if necessary to aid diagnosis. Single nucleotide polymorphism arrays detect copy number variations as well as genome‐wide genotyping. Prenatal genetic testing is used once pregnancy is established to identify fetuses at risk of genetic disease.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPrimer on the Metabolic Bone Diseases and Disorders of Mineral Metabolism
EditorsJohn P. Bilezikian, Roger Bouillon, Thomas Clemens, Juliet Compston, Douglas C. Bauer, Peter R. Ebeling, Klaus Engelke, David Goltzman, Theresa Guise, Suzanne M. Beur, Harald Jüppner, Karen Lyons, Laurie McCauley, Michael R. McClung, Paul D. Miller, Socrates E. Papapoulos, G. David Roodman, Clifford J. Rosen, Ego Seeman, Rajesh V. Thakker, Michael P. Whyte, Mone Zaidi
ISBN (Electronic)9781119266594
ISBN (Print)9781119266563
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2018


  • copy number variations
  • genetic etiology
  • genetic mutations
  • Mendelian diseases
  • mineral metabolism
  • prenatal genetic testing
  • single nucleotide polymorphism arrays
  • skeletal diseases


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