Investigation of high voltage polymeric insulators performance under wet pollution

Ali Ahmed Salem, Kwan Yiew Lau (Lead / Corresponding author), Zulkurnain Abdul-Malek, Wenbin Zhou (Lead / Corresponding author), Salem Al-Ameri (Lead / Corresponding author), Samir A. Al-Gailani, Rahisham Abd Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
60 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this paper, a unique approach based on electrical characteristics observed from measurements of contaminated polymeric insulators was established to calculate the electric field distribution over their surfaces. A case study using two different 33 kV polymeric insulator geometric profiles was performed to highlight the benefits of the proposed modeling approach. The conductance of the pollution layer was tested to establish a nonlinear field-dependent conductivity for pollution modeling. The leakage current (LC) of the polluted insulator was measured in a laboratory under clean and wet conditions. Then, using the finite element method (FEM), the electric field and current density distributions along the insulator were computed. The results showed that the insulators experienced an increase in the electric field (EF) magnitude ranging from 0.3 kV/cm to 3.6 kV/cm for the insulator with similar sheds (type I) and 2.2–4.5 kV/cm for the insulator with alternating sheds (big and small, type II) under the high rain condition with a flow rate of 9 L/h. Meanwhile, the highest electric field under fog was 1.74 kV/cm for the insulator with similar sheds and 2.32 kV/cm for an insulator with alternating sheds. Due to the larger diameter on the big shed and the longer leakage distance on the insulator with alternating sheds, the EF on the insulator with alternating sheds is higher than the EF on the insulator with similar sheds. The proposed modeling and simulation provided a detailed field condition estimation around the insulators. This is critical for forecasting the emergence of dry bands and the commencement of flashover on the surfaces of the insulators.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1236
Number of pages24
JournalPolymers
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2022

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