IL-2 is known to play a critical role in regulating T lymphocyte proliferation. We show here that IL-2 also provokes an instantaneous and sustained membrane ruffling in cloned human or murine T cells as well as in lectin-activated peripheral blood lymphocytes. In the IL-2-induced lamellipodia, tubulin is depolymerized whereas actin is strongly polymerized, forming caps. IL-2-induced membrane ruffling is protein kinase C (PKC) independent, as judged by the absence of effects of bisindolylmaleimide, an efficient inhibitor of all PKC isoforms. The formation of lamellipodia by IL-2 is blocked by wortmannin and LY294002, two inhibitors of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-kinase). Moreover, expression in murine T cells of an inactive form of PI3-kinase inhibits IL-2-induced membrane ruffling, whereas expression of a constitutively active p110 increases the basal membrane ruffling. Rac is also involved in IL-2-induced membrane ruffling since an inactive form of Rac (N17rac) blocks the IL-2-induced lamellipodia, whereas the constitutive form of Rac (Val12rac) can also lead to membrane ruffling. In the signaling cascade, Rac is downstream of PI3-kinase since constitutive membrane ruffling in Val12rac cells is insensitive to wortmannin. Thus, through a signaling cascade involving PI3-kinase and Rac, IL-2 can induce profound alterations of the T cell cytoskeleton, a phenomenon which might be of importance for T cell physiology.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1998|
- Phosphoinositide 3-kinase
- T lymphocyte