Is health coaching effective in changing the health status and behaviour of prisoners?-a systematic review protocol

Nadja Almondes (Lead / Corresponding author), Denise Downie, Ayse B. Cinar, Derek Richards, Ruth Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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Abstract

Background: This is a protocol for a systematic review of the impact of health coaching on changing the health behaviour of offenders. Prisoners are more likely to suffer from health-related issues when compared to the general population. Health coaching has been shown to influence health outcomes of patients with chronic conditions. This review, therefore, aims to assess the effectiveness of health coaching interventions on the health of adolescent and adult offenders in custodial institutions.

Methods: We plan to conduct a systematic review of the current literature on health coaching interventions delivered in the prison setting. We will include randomised controlled trials and observational studies that compare health coaching to the usual care or other alternative interventions. The ideal interventions will be delivered either by health professionals or peer coaches, and the outcomes extracted in the data collection will be disease-specific, clients' life and self-management skills, behavioural and psychosocial outcomes. If appropriate, a meta-analysis of the data collected will be carried out on the last stage of the review.

Discussion: This systematic review will identify and gather evidence on the impact of health coaching interventions delivered in the prison setting and can function as a supporting material for health professionals, prison staff, the healthcare system, and public health departments when considering delivering health coaching.

Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO CRD42016053237 .

Original languageEnglish
Article number127
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalSystematic Reviews
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2017

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Prisoners
Health Status
Health
Prisons
Mentoring
Health Behavior
Self Care
Observational Studies
Meta-Analysis
Randomized Controlled Trials
Public Health

Keywords

  • Health coaching
  • Wellness coaching
  • Health behaviour
  • Prison
  • Prisoners

Cite this

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title = "Is health coaching effective in changing the health status and behaviour of prisoners?-a systematic review protocol",
abstract = "Background: This is a protocol for a systematic review of the impact of health coaching on changing the health behaviour of offenders. Prisoners are more likely to suffer from health-related issues when compared to the general population. Health coaching has been shown to influence health outcomes of patients with chronic conditions. This review, therefore, aims to assess the effectiveness of health coaching interventions on the health of adolescent and adult offenders in custodial institutions.Methods: We plan to conduct a systematic review of the current literature on health coaching interventions delivered in the prison setting. We will include randomised controlled trials and observational studies that compare health coaching to the usual care or other alternative interventions. The ideal interventions will be delivered either by health professionals or peer coaches, and the outcomes extracted in the data collection will be disease-specific, clients' life and self-management skills, behavioural and psychosocial outcomes. If appropriate, a meta-analysis of the data collected will be carried out on the last stage of the review.Discussion: This systematic review will identify and gather evidence on the impact of health coaching interventions delivered in the prison setting and can function as a supporting material for health professionals, prison staff, the healthcare system, and public health departments when considering delivering health coaching.Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO CRD42016053237 .",
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Is health coaching effective in changing the health status and behaviour of prisoners?-a systematic review protocol. / Almondes, Nadja (Lead / Corresponding author); Downie, Denise; Cinar, Ayse B.; Richards, Derek; Freeman, Ruth.

In: Systematic Reviews, Vol. 6, 127, 03.07.2017, p. 1-5.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Is health coaching effective in changing the health status and behaviour of prisoners?-a systematic review protocol

AU - Almondes, Nadja

AU - Downie, Denise

AU - Cinar, Ayse B.

AU - Richards, Derek

AU - Freeman, Ruth

N1 - All grant support for this project was provided by NHS Scotland (Award number: 290.804485, see Additional file 5). The funder will have no input on the interpretation or publication of the study results.

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Y1 - 2017/7/3

N2 - Background: This is a protocol for a systematic review of the impact of health coaching on changing the health behaviour of offenders. Prisoners are more likely to suffer from health-related issues when compared to the general population. Health coaching has been shown to influence health outcomes of patients with chronic conditions. This review, therefore, aims to assess the effectiveness of health coaching interventions on the health of adolescent and adult offenders in custodial institutions.Methods: We plan to conduct a systematic review of the current literature on health coaching interventions delivered in the prison setting. We will include randomised controlled trials and observational studies that compare health coaching to the usual care or other alternative interventions. The ideal interventions will be delivered either by health professionals or peer coaches, and the outcomes extracted in the data collection will be disease-specific, clients' life and self-management skills, behavioural and psychosocial outcomes. If appropriate, a meta-analysis of the data collected will be carried out on the last stage of the review.Discussion: This systematic review will identify and gather evidence on the impact of health coaching interventions delivered in the prison setting and can function as a supporting material for health professionals, prison staff, the healthcare system, and public health departments when considering delivering health coaching.Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO CRD42016053237 .

AB - Background: This is a protocol for a systematic review of the impact of health coaching on changing the health behaviour of offenders. Prisoners are more likely to suffer from health-related issues when compared to the general population. Health coaching has been shown to influence health outcomes of patients with chronic conditions. This review, therefore, aims to assess the effectiveness of health coaching interventions on the health of adolescent and adult offenders in custodial institutions.Methods: We plan to conduct a systematic review of the current literature on health coaching interventions delivered in the prison setting. We will include randomised controlled trials and observational studies that compare health coaching to the usual care or other alternative interventions. The ideal interventions will be delivered either by health professionals or peer coaches, and the outcomes extracted in the data collection will be disease-specific, clients' life and self-management skills, behavioural and psychosocial outcomes. If appropriate, a meta-analysis of the data collected will be carried out on the last stage of the review.Discussion: This systematic review will identify and gather evidence on the impact of health coaching interventions delivered in the prison setting and can function as a supporting material for health professionals, prison staff, the healthcare system, and public health departments when considering delivering health coaching.Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO CRD42016053237 .

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