Isolation of detergent resistant microdomains from cultured neurons: detergent dependent alterations in protein composition

Ritchie Williamson, Andrew J. Thompson, Mika Abu, Abdul Hye, Alessia Usardi, Steven Lynham, Brian H. Anderton, Diane P. Hanger

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    23 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Membrane rafts are small highly dynamic sterol-and sphingolipid-enriched membrane domains that have received considerable attention due to their role in diverse cellular functions. More recently the involvement of membrane rafts in neuronal processes has been highlighted since these specialized membrane domains have been shown to be involved in synapse formation, neuronal polarity and neurodegeneration. Detergent resistance followed by gradient centrifugation is often used as first step in screening putative membrane raft components. Traditional methods of raft isolation employed the nonionic detergent Triton X100. However successful separation of raft from non-raft domains in cells is dependent on matching the detergent used for raft isolation to the specific tissue under investigation.

    Results: We report here the isolation of membrane rafts from primary neuronal culture using a panel of different detergents that gave rise to membrane fractions that differed in respect to cholesterol and protein content. In addition, proteomic profiling of neuronal membrane rafts isolated with different detergents, Triton X100 and CHAPSO, revealed heterogeneity in their protein content.

    Conclusions: These data demonstrate that appropriate selection of detergent for raft isolation is an important consideration for investigating raft protein composition of cultured neurons.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number120
    Pages (from-to)-
    Number of pages12
    JournalBMC Neuroscience
    Volume11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2010

    Keywords

    • TANDEM MASS-SPECTROMETRY
    • GPI-ANCHORED PROTEINS
    • LIPID RAFT PROTEOME
    • QUANTITATIVE PROTEOMICS
    • SIGNAL-TRANSDUCTION
    • STATISTICAL-MODEL
    • MEMBRANE DOMAINS
    • PLASMA-MEMBRANE
    • CELL-MEMBRANES
    • CHOLESTEROL

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