James Jurin (1684-1750): a pioneer of crowding research?

Hans Strasburger (Lead / Corresponding author), Nicholas J Wade (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
188 Downloads (Pure)


James Jurin wrote an extended essay on distinct and indistinct vision in 1738. In it, he distinguished between "perfect," "distinct," and "indistinct vision" as perceptual categories, and his meticulous descriptions and analyses of perceptual phenomena contained observations that are akin to crowding. Remaining with the concepts of his day, however, he failed to recognize crowding as separate from spatial resolution. We present quotations from Jurin's essay and place them in the context of the contemporary concerns with visual resolution and crowding.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Vision
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2015


  • Biomedical Research
  • England
  • History, 17th Century
  • History, 18th Century
  • Humans
  • Ophthalmology
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual
  • Vision, Ocular


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