Joint Correlational and Discriminative Ensemble Classifier Learning for Dementia Stratification Using Shallow Brain Multiplexes

Rory Raeper, Anna Lisowska, Islem Rekik (Lead / Corresponding author), Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative

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Abstract

The demented brain wiring undergoes several changes with dementia progression. However, in early dementia stages, particularly early mild cognitive impairment (eMCI), these remain challenging to spot. Hence, developing accurate diagnostic techniques for eMCI identification is critical for early intervention to prevent the onset of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). There is a large body of machine-learning based research developed for classifying different brain states (e.g., AD vs MCI). These works can be fundamentally grouped into two categories. The first uses correlational methods, such as canonical correlation analysis (CCA) and its variants, with the aim to identify most correlated features for diagnosis. The second includes discriminative methods, such as feature selection methods and linear discriminative analysis (LDA) and its variants to identify brain features that distinguish between two brain states. However, existing methods examine these correlational and discriminative brain data independently, which overlooks the complementary information provided by both techniques, which could prove to be useful in the classification of patients with dementia. On the other hand, how early dementia affects cortical brain connections in morphology remains largely unexplored. To address these limitations, we propose a joint correlational and discriminative ensemble learning framework for eMCI diagnosis that leverages a novel brain network representation, derived from the cortex. Specifically, we devise ‘the shallow convolutional brain multiplex’ (SCBM), which not only measures the similarity in morphology between pairs of brain regions, but also encodes the relationship between two morphological brain networks. Then, we represent each individual brain using a set of SCBMs, which are used to train joint ensemble CCA-SVM and LDA-based classifier. Our framework outperformed several state-of-the-art methods by 3-7% including independent correlational and discriminative methods.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2018 - 21st International Conference, 2018, Proceedings
EditorsJulia A. Schnabel, Christos Davatzikos, Carlos Alberola-López, Gabor Fichtinger, Alejandro F. Frangi
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
PublisherSpringer
Pages599-607
Number of pages9
Volume11070
ISBN (Electronic)9783030009281
ISBN (Print)9783030009274
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event21st International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2018 - Granada, Spain
Duration: 16 Sep 201820 Sep 2018

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
PublisherSpringer
Volume11070
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference21st International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2018
CountrySpain
CityGranada
Period16/09/1820/09/18

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Raeper, R., Lisowska, A., Rekik, I., & Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (2018). Joint Correlational and Discriminative Ensemble Classifier Learning for Dementia Stratification Using Shallow Brain Multiplexes. In J. A. Schnabel, C. Davatzikos, C. Alberola-López, G. Fichtinger, & A. F. Frangi (Eds.), Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2018 - 21st International Conference, 2018, Proceedings (Vol. 11070, pp. 599-607). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Vol. 11070). Springer . https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00928-1_68