Justice in solar energy development

R. Heffron (Lead / Corresponding author), Stephanie Halbrügge, Marc Fabian Körner, Nana A. Obeng-Darko, Theresia Sumarno, Jonathan Wagner, Martin Weibelzahl

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    52 Citations (Scopus)
    150 Downloads (Pure)


    To achieve national energy and climate targets across the world, there is a key focus on solar energy development. It is clear from literature that many countries have enormous, under-utilised potentials for solar energy, which can significantly change their energy mix and contribute to the low-carbon ambitions they signed up to under the 2015 Paris Agreement. Our research highlights that there are benefits to solar energy development from a law and economic perspective that are still underexplored. These benefits centre on justice and on how solar energy increases justice within the energy system. From a legal perspective, we review 72 countries and their introduction of energy law with respect to solar energy development. Our analysis illustrates that in some developing countries (new) legislation was not associated with a significant increase in the share of solar energy in the energy mix. We then highlight how to achieve solar energy development through law that can provide certainty for investment. Furthermore, we stress the importance of flexibility that allows the full potential of solar energy to be realised within the energy system. The corresponding form of flexibility justice, combining law and economics, can contribute to increased economic welfare based on market reforms that centre on new market design and market access, while ensuring that it keeps pace with ongoing developments in technology, cost, and ownership.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)68-75
    Number of pages8
    JournalSolar Energy
    Early online date6 Mar 2021
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


    • Electricity markets
    • Energy justice
    • Flexibility
    • Flexibility justice
    • Just transition
    • Solar energy justice

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
    • General Materials Science


    Dive into the research topics of 'Justice in solar energy development'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this