Ketamine prevents ECS-induced synaptic enhancement in rat hippocampus

Caroline A. Stewart, I. C. Reid

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    44 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Electrical induction of seizure activity profoundly impairs hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) in rats. A similar effect may account for the memory dysfunction observed after electroconvulsive stimulation in humans and other species. The co-administration of ketamine with the induction of electroconvulsive seizures (ECS) was evaluated as a possible method for-reducing the impact of ECS on hippocampal synaptic plasticity in rats. Electrophysiological studies in vivo showed that both the enhancement of the EPSP slope and the subsequent reduction of experimentally induced LTP in the dentate gyrus by repeated, spaced ECS were significantly attenuated by ketamine anaesthesia. The findings suggest that ketamine may protect against ECS-induced memory impairment and thus prove useful in reducing the transient cognitive impairment following electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)11-14
    Number of pages4
    JournalNeuroscience Letters
    Volume178
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 1994

    Keywords

    • Long-term potentiation
    • Electroconvulsive stimulation
    • Dentate gyrus
    • NMDA receptor
    • Depression
    • Memory

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