Laser-induced autofluorescence spectroscopy: Can it be of importance in detection of bladder lesions?

Omar Aboumarzouk (Lead / Corresponding author), Ronan Valentine, Ron Buist, Sarfraz Ahmad, Ghulam Nabi, Sam Eljamel, Harry Moseley, Slawomir Grzegorz Kata

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    Abstract

    Background: Non-muscle invasive bladder cancer can be missed during white light endoscopy in up to 50% of cases. We aimed to test whether or not we could find a difference between benign and cancerous tissue wavelengths using laser induced autofluorescence spectroscopy can increase cancer detection. Materials and methods: We analysed 67 tissue samples using spectral analysis. The WavSTAT (Spectra Science) optical biopsy device was used to record fluorescence spectra from biopsied tissue enabling calculation of an AUC for each spectrum, a measure of the mean spectral wavelength (. λ- (nm)) and a dimensionless fluorescence ratio. Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the two groups. Results: We found that 49.3% (33/67) of the tissue was benign, 44.8% (30/67) was CIS/cancerous tissue, and the remaining 4/67 samples were atypia (2) and dysplasia (2).The median AUC for the benign tissue was 19.53 (interquartile range [IQR]: 5.35-30.39) and that for CIS/cancerous tissue was 7.05 (IQR: 2.89-14.24) (. P=. 0.002).The median wavelengths for the benign tissue and malignant tissue were 502.4. nm (IQR: 500.3-504.3. nm) and 505.2. nm (IQR: 502.1-513.2. nm), respectively (. P=. 0.003).The median fluorescence ratio was 0.080 (IQR: 0.070-0.088) for benign tissue and 0.096 (IQR: 0.079-0.221) for CIS/cancerous tissue (. P=. 0.002). Conclusions: We found statistical differences between the median AUC calculations and median wavelengths for the benign and cancerous tissue. We also found a statistical difference between the fluorescence ratios between the two tissue types. There seems to be a role for optical spectroscopy in verifying bladder lesions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)76-83
    Number of pages8
    JournalPhotodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
    Volume12
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

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    Keywords

    • Autofluorescence
    • Bladder cancer
    • Laser
    • Optical biopsy
    • Optical spectrometry
    • Spectroscopy

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