A currently 12-year-old boy presented at the age of 8 months with sleepiness, irritability and a tense fontanelle with upgaze palsy on a background of a 2-month history of vomiting, difficulty feeding and weight loss. Acute communicating hydrocephalus was diagnosed using ultrasonography and CT and treated with Ventriculo-Peritoneal shunt insertion. Further investigation with MRI (2006) found a thoracic intramedullary mass with further intracranial and spinal leptomeningeal dissemination (LD) (figures 1 and 2). A biopsy of the thoracic intramedullary mass showed pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) (figure 3).
- paediatric oncology
Bell, E., Kanodia, A. K., Gunaratne, B., & Edgar, A. (2018). Leptomeningeal dissemination of spinal pilocytic astrocytoma: a rare entity. BMJ Case Reports, 2018, 1-3. . https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226955