Lisinopril improves endothelial function in chronic cigarette smokers

Robert Butler, Andrew D Morris, Allan D Struthers

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Cigarette smoking is a pernicious risk factor for the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease, and endothelial dysfunction is an important antecedent event in this process. This is important, as cigarette smoke is directly toxic to endothelial cells. Inhibitors of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) have been shown to improve endothelial function in diabetes and hypercholesterolaemia, and are a promising option in smokers. We treated 23 subjects (age 38+/-12 years; mean+/-S.D.) for 8 weeks with 20 mg of lisinopril in a randomized controlled trial. Endothelial function was assessed by measurement of forearm blood flow responses to intra-arterial infusions of endothelial-dependent and -independent vasodilators and an endothelial-dependent vasoconstrictor [acetylcholine, sodium nitroprusside and monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) respectively] using venous occlusion plethysmography. Lisinopril significantly increased the forearm blood flow response to acetylcholine by 20% [lisinopril, 3.12+/-0.37 (mean+/-S.E.M.); placebo, 2.58+/-0.25; P=0.02, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.09, 1.06] (values given are ratios of flow in the infused arm to that in the control arm); there was no effect on the response to sodium nitroprusside (lisinopril, 3.97+/-0.40; placebo, 3.92+/-0.39; P=0.84; 95% CI -0.50, 0.61). The vasoconstrictor response to L-NMMA demonstrated a significant improvement (lisinopril, 0.77+/-0.06; placebo, 0.95+/-0.05; P
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)53-58
    Number of pages6
    JournalClinical Science
    Volume101
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

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