Listening typewriter simulation studies

A.F. Newell, J.L. Arnott, K. Carter, G. Cruickshank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


In order to investigate the acceptability of automatic speech recognition systems in a creative writing task, experiments have been performed using a simulation in which a human operator is used to convert the speech signal into orthography. Pilot experiments investigated the appropriateness of natural dialogue in such a task. The major experiment was a partial replication of Gould, Conti and Hovanyecz (1983) "Listening Typewriter" simulation experiment. In contrast to Gould et al., however, a machine shorthand transcription system was used rather than a QWERTY keyboard. This ensured that the simulation of the speech recognizer was not restricted by the speed at which the operator could enter text. Also an important variable in the experiment was whether or not the subjects had been made aware that they were using a simulation and not a fully automatic speech recognition machine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Man-Machine Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1990


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