Literature Review of International Models of Social Care: Lessons for Social Care Delivery, Sustainability and Funding in Scotland

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Abstract

This literature review report was compiled to provide evidence for the Scottish Parliament Health, Social Care and Sport Committee’s scrutiny of the National Care Service (Scotland) Bill, with funding for the review having been provided by the Scottish Parliamentary Corporate Body (SPCB). The report describes and compares international social care models focusing on the social care systems in: Australia, the United States, Japan, New Zealand, Switzerland, Alaska, the Nordic (Scandinavian) Countries (Sweden, Finland, Denmark, and Norway), EU Countries (The Netherlands, Germany, and France) and UK Countries (Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales, and England). The review considered: 1) how social care is structured, delivered, funded and governed in each country, 2) the benefits and limitations associated with each model of social care and the evidence for these benefits and limitations, 3) the impacts of each model of social care on population health outcomes and health care service delivery, 4) enablers and barriers to the effective implementation and delivery of each model of social care (including reforms to existing models) and the lessons learned/ recommendations for good/best practice identified in the literature, 5) enablers and barriers to the long-term sustainability of each model of social care, and 6) key considerations required for considering the potential transfer of one model for implementation in another context.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEdinburgh
PublisherScottish Parliament
Number of pages104
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2022
EventPresentation of Report and Research Findings to the Scottish Parliament Health, Social Care and Sport Committee - Scottish Parliament, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 25 Oct 202225 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Social Care
  • Social and Health Care Integration
  • International Comparison
  • Policy analysis
  • Policy-Making
  • Social Sciences (General)
  • Governance
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences
  • General Health Professions
  • General Nursing

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