Location and Identification on Chromosome 3B of Bread Wheat of Genes Affecting Chiasma Number

Benoit Darrier, Isabelle Colas, Hélène Rimbert, Frédéric Choulet, Jeanne Bazile, Aurélien Sortais, Eric Jenczewski, Pierre Sourdille (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Abstract

Understanding meiotic crossover (CO) variation in crops like bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is necessary as COs are essential to create new, original and powerful combinations of genes for traits of agronomical interest. We cytogenetically characterized a set of wheat aneuploid lines missing part or all of chromosome 3B to identify the most influential regions for chiasma formation located on this chromosome. We showed that deletion of the short arm did not change the total number of chiasmata genome-wide, whereas this latter was reduced by ~35% while deleting the long arm. Contrary to what was hypothesized in a previous study, deletion of the long arm does not disturb the initiation of the synaptonemal complex (SC) in early meiotic stages. However, progression of the SC is abnormal, and we never observed its completion when the long arm is deleted. By studying six different deletion lines (missing different parts of the long arm), we revealed that at least two genes located in both the proximal (C-3BL2-0.22) and distal (3BL7-0.63-1.00) deletion bins are involved in the control of chiasmata, each deletion reducing the number of chiasmata by ~15%. We combined sequence analyses of deletion bins with RNA-Seq data derived from meiotic tissues and identified a set of genes for which at least the homoeologous copy on chromosome 3B is expressed and which are involved in DNA processing. Among these genes, eight (CAP-E1/E2, DUO1, MLH1, MPK4, MUS81, RTEL1, SYN4, ZIP4) are known to be involved in the recombination pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2281
Number of pages21
JournalPlants (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2022

Keywords

  • recombination
  • synapsis
  • wheat
  • chiasmata
  • 3D-SIM
  • meiosis
  • cytogenetics
  • deletion bin

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