Long-term follow-up of patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery for phaeochromocytoma

Patrick J. O'Dwyer (Lead / Corresponding author), Cindy Chew, Samer Zino, Michael G. Serpell

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3 Citations (Scopus)
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INTRODUCTION: Phaeochromocytomas are rare tumours with a recurrence after open surgery ranging between 6-23 per cent. Long-term follow-up studies after laparoscopic surgery for phaeochromocytoma are lacking. The aim of this study was to look at the long-term oncological outcome of a consecutive series of patients from a single centre undergoing laparoscopic surgery for a phaeochromocytoma. METHODS: Demographic data on all patients with an adrenal tumour or paraganglioma were prospectively kept on a database between September 1999 and December 2017. Electronic hospital records, including imaging from a national linked archiving and communication system, were reviewed for patients with a phaeochromocytoma in November 2021. RESULTS: During the study interval 135 patients with a phaeochromocytoma were operated on in the unit, of which 118 (87.4 per cent) were attempted laparoscopically. Five (4.2 per cent) were converted to open surgery, whereas 117 had a potentially curative operation. There was no peri- or postoperative mortality. At a median follow-up of 10 (interquartile range 6-12.9) years, only 3 (2.6 per cent) patients died from metastatic phaeochromocytoma. One further patient developed lymph node metastases, which were removed at open surgery. No patient had a local recurrence and the only significant predictor of recurrence was the presence of lymph node metastases (P < 0.001). Two patients developed a contralateral adrenal phaeochromocytoma, while one of these also had a paraganglioma. The Kaplan-Meier estimate of phaeochromocytoma-free survival was 96 per cent (95 per cent c.i. 92.2 to 98.8) at 5 years and 92 per cent (95 per cent c.i. 86.7 to 97.3) at 10 years. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that long-term oncological outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for patients with a phaeochromocytoma are at least as good as that with an open operation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberzrac076
Number of pages5
JournalBJS open
Issue number3
Early online date2 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2022


  • Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/surgery
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy/adverse effects
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Paraganglioma/surgery
  • Pheochromocytoma/surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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