Long-term stability of dye-sensitized solar cells using a facile gel polymer electrolyte

A. Ma'alinia, H. Asgari Moghaddam, E. Nouri, M. R. Mohammadi (Lead / Corresponding author)

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    28 Citations (Scopus)


    Herein, we demonstrate a facile low temperature approach to prepare a gel polymer electrolyte (GPE) based on the triiodide/iodide redox couple in a quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC). Only one polymeric agent (i.e., hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC)) is used for the preparation of a non-volatile GPE system for the standard liquid electrolyte containing 1-methyl-3-propylimidazolium iodide (MPII). The prepared GPE completely penetrates into a TiO2 photoanode at room temperature due to the uniform distribution of Ti, Ru and I elements in the cross-section of the electrode, forming an interpenetrating GPE/TiO2 network to access all dye molecules. The GPE with the optimum HPC : MPII weight ratio shows a high ionic conductivity of 17.8  ×  10-3 S cm-1 and a viscosity of 350 cP. The DSSC fabricated using such gel polymer electrolyte shows the best performance and energy conversion efficiency of 7.44%, with a short-circuit current density, an open-circuit voltage and a fill factor of 15.37 mA cm-2, 707 mV and 68%, respectively. The constructed quasi-solid-state cell has long-term operational stability under realistic outdoor conditions, with 90% of the initial device's efficiency after 600 h.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)13256-13262
    Number of pages7
    JournalNew Journal of Chemistry
    Issue number16
    Early online date4 Jul 2018
    Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2018

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Catalysis
    • General Chemistry
    • Materials Chemistry


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