Methods: A longitudinal cohort study comprised 3.5-year follow-up of the 747 FFIT RCT participants. Men aged 35-65 years, BMI≥28 kg/m2 at RCT baseline who consented to long-term follow-up (n=665) were invited to participate: those in the FFIT Follow-Up Intervention group (FFIT-FU-I) undertook FFIT in 2011 during the RCT; the FFIT Follow-Up Comparison group (FFIT-FU-C) undertook FFIT in 2012 under routine (non-research) conditions. The primary outcome was objectively-measured weight loss (from baseline) at 3.5 years. Secondary outcomes included changes in self-reported physical activity and diet at 3.5 years. Cost-effectiveness was estimated at 3.5 years and over participants’ lifetime.
Results: Of 665 men invited, 488 (73%; 65% of the 747 RCT participants) attended 3.5-year measurements. The FFIT-FU-I group sustained a mean weight loss of 2.90 kg (95% CI 1.78, 4.02; p<0.001) 3.5 years after starting FFIT; 32.2% (75/233) weighed ≥5% less than baseline. The FFIT-FU-C group had lost 2.71 kg (1.65, 3.77; p<0.001) at the 3.5-year measurements (2.5 years after starting FFIT); 31.8% (81/255) weighed ≥5% less than baseline. There were significant sustained improvements in self-reported physical activity and diet in both groups. The estimated incremental cost-effectiveness of FFIT was £10,700-£15,300 per QALY gained at 3.5 years, and £1,790-£2,200 over participants’ lifetime.
Conclusions: Participation in FFIT under research and routine conditions leads to long-term weight loss and improvements in physical activity and diet. Investment in FFIT is likely to be cost-effective as part of obesity management strategies in countries where football is popular.
Trial registration: ISRCTN32677491, 20 October 2011.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity|
|Publication status||Published - 28 Jun 2018|
- Weight management
- long term maintenance
- physical activity
- Physical activity
- Long -term weight loss maintenance
- Health Promotion/methods
- Follow-Up Studies
- Middle Aged
- Weight Reduction Programs/economics
- Body Mass Index
- Program Evaluation/methods
- Treatment Outcome
- Cost-Benefit Analysis
- Longitudinal Studies
- Cohort Studies
- Long-term weight loss maintenance