Projects per year
Calpastatin is an endogenous specific inhibitor of calpain, a calcium-dependent cysteine protease. Here we show that loss-of-function mutations in calpastatin (CAST) are the genetic causes of an autosomal-recessive condition characterized by generalized peeling skin, leukonychia, acral punctate keratoses, cheilitis, and knuckle pads, which we propose to be given the acronym PLACK syndrome. In affected individuals with PLACK syndrome from three families of different ethnicities, we identified homozygous mutations (c.607dup, c.424A>T, and c.1750delG) in CAST, all of which were predicted to encode truncated proteins (p.Ile203Asnfs*8, p.Lys142*, and p.Val584Trpfs*37). Immunohistochemistry shows that staining of calpastatin is reduced in skin from affected individuals. Transmission electron microscopy revealed widening of intercellular spaces with chromatin condensation and margination in the upper stratum spinosum in lesional skin, suggesting impaired intercellular adhesion as well as keratinocyte apoptosis. A significant increase of apoptotic keratinocytes was also observed in TUNEL assays. Invitro studies utilizing siRNA-mediated CAST knockdown revealed a role for calpastatin in keratinocyte adhesion. In summary, we describe PLACK syndrome, as a clinical entity of defective epidermal adhesion, caused by loss-of-function mutations in CAST.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American Journal of Human Genetics|
|Early online date||12 Feb 2015|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Mar 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
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- 1 Finished
Dermatology and Genetic Medicine (Strategic Grant) (Joint with Kings College London)
Barton, G., Campbell, P., Hickerson, R., Leigh, I., McLean, I. & Wyatt, P.
1/08/12 → 30/04/19