Low temperature nanocrystalline TiO 2-Fe 2O 3 mixed oxide by a particulate sol-gel route: Physical and sensing characteristics

M. R. Mohammadi, D. J. Fray

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    21 Citations (Scopus)


    Nanocrystalline TiO 2-Fe 2O 3 thin films and powders were prepared by a straightforward aqueous particulate sol-gel route at the low temperature of 300 °C. Titanium(IV) isopropoxide and iron(III) chloride were used as precursors, and hydroxypropyl cellulose was used as a polymeric fugitive agent in order to increase the specific surface area. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) revealed that the powder crystallised at the low temperature of 300 °C, containing anatase-TiO 2 and hematite-Fe 2O 3 phases. Furthermore, it was found that Fe 2O 3 retarded the anatase-to-rutile transformation up to 500 °C. The activation energies for crystallite growth of TiO 2 and Fe 2O 3 components in the binary system were calculated 10.62 and 0.67 kJ/mol, respectively. Moreover, one of the smallest crystallite sizes was obtained for TiO 2-Fe 2O 3 binary mixed oxide, being 6 nm at 300 °C. Field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) analysis revealed that the deposited thin films had nanostructured morphology. Thin films produced under optimized conditions showed excellent microstructural properties for gas sensing applications. They exhibited a remarkable response towards low concentrations of CO gas (i.e., 25 ppm) at low operating temperature of 150 °C, resulting in increased thermal stability of sensing films as well as a decrease in their power consumption. Furthermore, TiO 2-Fe 2O 3 sensors follow the power law for the detection of CO gas.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)43-51
    Number of pages9
    JournalPhysica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2012

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
    • Condensed Matter Physics


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