Lowering of oxidative stress improves endothelial function in healthy subjects with habitually low intake of fruit and vegetables

a randomized controlled trial of antioxidant- and polyphenol-rich blackcurrant juice

Faisel Khan (Lead / Corresponding author), Sumantra Ray, Angela M. Craigie, Gwen Kennedy, Alexander Hill, Karen L. Barton, Jane Broughton, Jill J. F. Belch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inadequate intake of the recommended five-a-day fruit and vegetable portions might contribute to increased cardiovascular disease risk. We assessed the effects of dietary intake of a blackcurrant juice drink, rich in vitamin C and polyphenols, on oxidative stress and vascular function. This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study of 66 healthy adults who habitually consume <2 portions of fruit and vegetables per day. Participants were randomly allocated to consume 250 ml of placebo (flavored water) or low or high blackcurrant juice drink four times a day for 6 weeks. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and plasma concentrations of F2-isoprostanes and vitamin C were measured. In the high blackcurrant juice drink group FMD increased significantly (5.8±3.1 to 6.9±3.1%, P=0.022) compared with the placebo group (6.0±2.2 to 5.1±2.4%). Plasma vitamin C concentration increased significantly in the low (38.6±17.6 to 49.4±21.0 µmol/L, P<0.001) and high (34.6±20.4 to 73.8±23.3 µmol/L, P<0.001) blackcurrant juice drink groups compared with the placebo group (38.1±21.0 to 29.0±17.6 µmol/L). F2-isoprostane concentrations were significantly lower in the high blackcurrant juice drink group (225±64 pg/ml) compared with the low blackcurrant juice drink (257±69 pg/ml, P=0.002) and placebo group (254±59 pg/ml, P=0.003). At follow-up, changes in plasma vitamin C correlated significantly with changes in FMD (r=0.308, P=0.044). Consumption of blackcurrant juice drink high in vitamin C and polyphenols can decrease oxidative stress and improve vascular health in individuals with habitually low dietary fruit and vegetable intake.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-237
Number of pages6
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume72
Issue numberJuly
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Oxidative stress
Vegetables
Polyphenols
Fruits
Ascorbic Acid
Fruit
Healthy Volunteers
Oxidative Stress
Randomized Controlled Trials
Antioxidants
Placebos
F2-Isoprostanes
Dilatation
Plasmas
Blood Vessels
Cardiovascular Diseases
Health
Water

Cite this

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title = "Lowering of oxidative stress improves endothelial function in healthy subjects with habitually low intake of fruit and vegetables: a randomized controlled trial of antioxidant- and polyphenol-rich blackcurrant juice",
abstract = "Inadequate intake of the recommended five-a-day fruit and vegetable portions might contribute to increased cardiovascular disease risk. We assessed the effects of dietary intake of a blackcurrant juice drink, rich in vitamin C and polyphenols, on oxidative stress and vascular function. This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study of 66 healthy adults who habitually consume <2 portions of fruit and vegetables per day. Participants were randomly allocated to consume 250 ml of placebo (flavored water) or low or high blackcurrant juice drink four times a day for 6 weeks. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and plasma concentrations of F2-isoprostanes and vitamin C were measured. In the high blackcurrant juice drink group FMD increased significantly (5.8±3.1 to 6.9±3.1{\%}, P=0.022) compared with the placebo group (6.0±2.2 to 5.1±2.4{\%}). Plasma vitamin C concentration increased significantly in the low (38.6±17.6 to 49.4±21.0 µmol/L, P<0.001) and high (34.6±20.4 to 73.8±23.3 µmol/L, P<0.001) blackcurrant juice drink groups compared with the placebo group (38.1±21.0 to 29.0±17.6 µmol/L). F2-isoprostane concentrations were significantly lower in the high blackcurrant juice drink group (225±64 pg/ml) compared with the low blackcurrant juice drink (257±69 pg/ml, P=0.002) and placebo group (254±59 pg/ml, P=0.003). At follow-up, changes in plasma vitamin C correlated significantly with changes in FMD (r=0.308, P=0.044). Consumption of blackcurrant juice drink high in vitamin C and polyphenols can decrease oxidative stress and improve vascular health in individuals with habitually low dietary fruit and vegetable intake.",
author = "Faisel Khan and Sumantra Ray and Craigie, {Angela M.} and Gwen Kennedy and Alexander Hill and Barton, {Karen L.} and Jane Broughton and Belch, {Jill J. F.}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2014.04.006",
language = "English",
volume = "72",
pages = "232--237",
journal = "Free Radical Biology and Medicine",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Lowering of oxidative stress improves endothelial function in healthy subjects with habitually low intake of fruit and vegetables

T2 - a randomized controlled trial of antioxidant- and polyphenol-rich blackcurrant juice

AU - Khan, Faisel

AU - Ray, Sumantra

AU - Craigie, Angela M.

AU - Kennedy, Gwen

AU - Hill, Alexander

AU - Barton, Karen L.

AU - Broughton, Jane

AU - Belch, Jill J. F.

N1 - Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Inadequate intake of the recommended five-a-day fruit and vegetable portions might contribute to increased cardiovascular disease risk. We assessed the effects of dietary intake of a blackcurrant juice drink, rich in vitamin C and polyphenols, on oxidative stress and vascular function. This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study of 66 healthy adults who habitually consume <2 portions of fruit and vegetables per day. Participants were randomly allocated to consume 250 ml of placebo (flavored water) or low or high blackcurrant juice drink four times a day for 6 weeks. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and plasma concentrations of F2-isoprostanes and vitamin C were measured. In the high blackcurrant juice drink group FMD increased significantly (5.8±3.1 to 6.9±3.1%, P=0.022) compared with the placebo group (6.0±2.2 to 5.1±2.4%). Plasma vitamin C concentration increased significantly in the low (38.6±17.6 to 49.4±21.0 µmol/L, P<0.001) and high (34.6±20.4 to 73.8±23.3 µmol/L, P<0.001) blackcurrant juice drink groups compared with the placebo group (38.1±21.0 to 29.0±17.6 µmol/L). F2-isoprostane concentrations were significantly lower in the high blackcurrant juice drink group (225±64 pg/ml) compared with the low blackcurrant juice drink (257±69 pg/ml, P=0.002) and placebo group (254±59 pg/ml, P=0.003). At follow-up, changes in plasma vitamin C correlated significantly with changes in FMD (r=0.308, P=0.044). Consumption of blackcurrant juice drink high in vitamin C and polyphenols can decrease oxidative stress and improve vascular health in individuals with habitually low dietary fruit and vegetable intake.

AB - Inadequate intake of the recommended five-a-day fruit and vegetable portions might contribute to increased cardiovascular disease risk. We assessed the effects of dietary intake of a blackcurrant juice drink, rich in vitamin C and polyphenols, on oxidative stress and vascular function. This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study of 66 healthy adults who habitually consume <2 portions of fruit and vegetables per day. Participants were randomly allocated to consume 250 ml of placebo (flavored water) or low or high blackcurrant juice drink four times a day for 6 weeks. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and plasma concentrations of F2-isoprostanes and vitamin C were measured. In the high blackcurrant juice drink group FMD increased significantly (5.8±3.1 to 6.9±3.1%, P=0.022) compared with the placebo group (6.0±2.2 to 5.1±2.4%). Plasma vitamin C concentration increased significantly in the low (38.6±17.6 to 49.4±21.0 µmol/L, P<0.001) and high (34.6±20.4 to 73.8±23.3 µmol/L, P<0.001) blackcurrant juice drink groups compared with the placebo group (38.1±21.0 to 29.0±17.6 µmol/L). F2-isoprostane concentrations were significantly lower in the high blackcurrant juice drink group (225±64 pg/ml) compared with the low blackcurrant juice drink (257±69 pg/ml, P=0.002) and placebo group (254±59 pg/ml, P=0.003). At follow-up, changes in plasma vitamin C correlated significantly with changes in FMD (r=0.308, P=0.044). Consumption of blackcurrant juice drink high in vitamin C and polyphenols can decrease oxidative stress and improve vascular health in individuals with habitually low dietary fruit and vegetable intake.

U2 - 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2014.04.006

DO - 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2014.04.006

M3 - Article

VL - 72

SP - 232

EP - 237

JO - Free Radical Biology and Medicine

JF - Free Radical Biology and Medicine

SN - 0891-5849

IS - July

ER -