Making sense of transcribing chromatin

Tom Owen-Hughes, Triantafyllos Gkikopoulos

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Eukaryotic cells package their genomes into a nucleoprotein form called chromatin. The basic unit of chromatin is the nucleosome, formed by the wrapping of ~147 bp of DNA around an octameric complex of core histones. Advances in genomic technologies have enabled the locations of nucleosomes to be mapped across genomes []. This has revealed a striking organisation with respect to transcribed genes in a diverse range of eukaryotes. This consists of a nucleosome depleted region upstream of promoters, with an array of well spaced nucleosomes extending into coding regions []. This observation reinforces the links between chromatin organisation and transcription. Central to this is the paradox that while chromatin is required by eukaryotes to restrict inappropriate access to DNA, this must be overcome in order for genetic information to be expressed. This conundrum is at its most flagrant when considering the need for nucleic acid polymerase's to transit 1000's of based pairs of DNA wrapped as arrays of nucleosomes.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalCurrent Opinion in Cell Biology
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

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    Nucleosomes
    Chromatin
    Eukaryota
    DNA
    Genome
    Nucleoproteins
    Eukaryotic Cells
    Genetic Promoter Regions
    Histones
    Nucleic Acids
    Technology
    Genes

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Eukaryotic cells package their genomes into a nucleoprotein form called chromatin. The basic unit of chromatin is the nucleosome, formed by the wrapping of ~147 bp of DNA around an octameric complex of core histones. Advances in genomic technologies have enabled the locations of nucleosomes to be mapped across genomes []. This has revealed a striking organisation with respect to transcribed genes in a diverse range of eukaryotes. This consists of a nucleosome depleted region upstream of promoters, with an array of well spaced nucleosomes extending into coding regions []. This observation reinforces the links between chromatin organisation and transcription. Central to this is the paradox that while chromatin is required by eukaryotes to restrict inappropriate access to DNA, this must be overcome in order for genetic information to be expressed. This conundrum is at its most flagrant when considering the need for nucleic acid polymerase's to transit 1000's of based pairs of DNA wrapped as arrays of nucleosomes.",
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    Making sense of transcribing chromatin. / Owen-Hughes, Tom; Gkikopoulos, Triantafyllos.

    In: Current Opinion in Cell Biology, 01.01.2012.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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