In an effort to revive the ailing economy and join the global markets, successive Nigerian governments since 1986, have taken measures that were aimed at liberalising the economy and creating a conducive atmosphere for more private, especially foreign direct investment, long recognised as engines of growth and development and prosperity. Among the policy initiatives were: the repeal or amendment of certain laws and regulations that restricted foreign investment, and privatisation of state-owned enterprises. These reform measures have reduced the political risk perception of the country by foreign investors as evidenced in the increased level of foreign participation in the telecommunications, and oil and gas industries. However, with liberalisation and privatisation, new forms of political and regulatory risks emerge that require new management techniques. These risks include possible changes in environmental and social regulations, discriminatory treatment of the private/foreign investor by regulatory agencies through licensing, taxation and enforcement of business laws, control of essential facilities by dominant enterprises, lack of observance of the rule of law and other good governance issues. Both the government and private investors should give due consideration to such risks and take appropriate measures to reduce or minimise them so as to fully realise the benefits of a liberalised economy. For government, reducing the risks increases its credibility while the private investor stands to gain the most from his investment. This article examines such risks and how to reduce them.
|Number of pages||34|
|Journal||Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2004|
- Foreign investment