MAP kinase kinase (MAPKK) was purified 30,000-fold to homogeneity from extracts of rabbit skeletal muscle and shown to be a monomeric protein of apparent molecular mass 44 kDa, MAPKK activated the 42 kDa isoform of MAP kinase by phosphorylation of Thr-183 and Tyr-185, and phosphorylated itself slowly on tyrosine, threonine and serine residues, establishing that it is a 'dual specificity' protein kinase. Peptide sequences from MAPKK were homologous to other protein serine/threonine kinases, especially to the subfamily that includes yeast protein kinase that lie upstream of yeast MAP kinase homologues in the pheromone-dependent mating pathways.
- Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase
- Protein kinase
- Signal transduction